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Sentinel Surveillance of Infectious Diseases at Child Care Centres/Kindergartens(CCC/KG)
Weekly Update

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health has established several surveillance systems in Hong Kong to monitor communicable disease activity at the community and public and private healthcare facilities.  With the participation of different partners, CHP will have a more comprehensive picture of the situation of communicable diseases.  The sentinel surveillance system based at CCC/KG is one of the surveillance systems.

This weekly update outlines the data provided by CCC/KG participating in the "Sentinel Surveillance of Infectious Diseases at Child Care Centres/Kindergartens". This update aims at informing the public of community-wide trends of infectious disease based on inference from the collected data, and does not represent the situation at any particular CCC/KG or geographic area.


I. Weekly Overview
Week 41 (9/10 – 13/10)
Recent data reported by sentinel CCC/KGs showed that the activities of diarrhoea, hand, foot and mouth disease and vomiting had increased while cough and fever were at baseline level.
Year 2017 Week 41 Week 40 Week 39 Week 38
Surveillance period 9/10 - 13/10 2/10 - 6/10 25/9 - 29/9 18/9 - 22/9
Number of children (CCC/KG) under surveillance 24745(109) 15101(73) 26925(105) 24285(108)
a) Surveillance of Symptoms
Percentage of CCC/KG with children affected by fever 64.22 58.90 57.14 59.26
Percentage of CCC/KG with children affected by cough 62.39 58.90 60.95 64.81
Percentage of CCC/KG with children affected by diarrhoea 15.60 8.22 13.33 8.33
Percentage of CCC/KG with children affected by vomiting 20.18 10.96 9.52 12.04
b) Surveillance of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Percentage of CCC/KG with HFMD cases 13.76 6.85 12.38 10.19
c) Surveillance of Absenteeism due to Sickness
Average rate of absenteeism due to sickness 2.88 3.16 2.54 3.36
Remarks: Overall, activity of acute gastroenteritis has increased. The overall activity of hand, foot and mouth disease was at high level and the local influenza activity remains at a low level.

II) Surveillance of symptoms

1) Fever
Weekly chart for occurrence of fever in sentinel CCC/KG, 2016-2017.  The activity of fever in week 41 was at baseline level.

2) Cough
Weekly chart for occurrence of cough in sentinel CCC/KG, 2016-2017.  The activity of cough in week 41 was at baseline level.

3) Diarrhoea
Weekly chart for occurrence of diarrhoea in sentinel CCC/KG, 2016-2017.  The activity of diarrhoea in week 41 has increased.

4) Vomiting
Weekly chart for occurrence of vomiting in sentinel CCC/KG, 2016-2017.  The activity of vomiting in week 41 has increased.

III) Surveillance of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Weekly chart for surveillance of hand, foot and mouth disease in sentinel CCC/KG, 2016-2017.  The activity of hand, foot and mouth disease in week 41 has increased.

IV) Surveillance of Absenteeism due to Sickness
Weekly chart for surveillance of absenteeism due to sickness in sentinel CCC/KG, 2016-2017.  The average rate of absenteeism due to sickness in week 41 was 2.88%.

Methodology

  1. On each operating day, sentinel CCC/KG record the number of absentees due to sickness. (Data is not collected on days when a CCC/KG is closed due to public holiday, bad weather or other reasons.) The total number of absentees due to sickness among all sentinel CCC/KG is divided against the total number of children in attendance to get the gross daily rate of absenteeism. The rates for each day of the week are then averaged to get the week's "Average rate of absenteeism due to sickness."
  2. On each week, sentinel CCC/KG record the presence of cases of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD). CHP calculates the total number of CCC/KG with cases of HFMD, and based on the total number of CCC/KG submitting reports, works out the "Percentage of CCC/KG with cases of HFMD."
  3. Every Wednesday, sentinel CCC/KG record the number of absentees who are showing symptoms of fever, cough, diarrhoea and vomiting. The numbers are reported to CHP at the end of the week. (Data is collected on the next operating day when a CCC/KG is closed due to public holiday, bad weather or other reasons.) Based on the submitted data, CHP works out the "Percentage of CCC/KG with children affected by symptom" for the week.





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