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Major Health Indicators in 2015 and 2016

Major Health Indicator 2015 2016
Crude birth rate (No. of live births per 1000 population) 8.3 8.2
Crude death rate (No. of deaths per 1000 population) 6.4 6.4
Age-standardised death rate (No. of deaths per 1000 standard population*) 3.0 2.9
Infant mortality rate (No. of deaths per 1000 live births) 1.5


Maternal mortality ratio (No. of deaths per 100000 live births) 1.6 0.0
Life expectancy at birth
Male 81.4 81.3
Female 87.3 87.3

The mortality and birth statistics are based on number of "registered" deaths and births.
The 2016 Population By-census conducted from June to August 2016 provides a benchmark for revising the population figures compiled since the 2011 Population Census. Population-related figures for 2015 have been revised accordingly.
* Based on the world standard population specified in GPE Discussion Paper Series: No.31, EIP/GPE/EBD, World Health Organization, 2001.



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