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Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer

8 April 2019

Introduction

Lung cancer is the second commonest cancer in men and the third commonest in women, after breast cancer and colorectal cancer. It accounted for 15.7% of new cancer cases in 2016.

Incidence

In 2016, there were 4936 new cases of lung cancer, with 3086 cases of males and 1850 cases of females. The male to female ratio was about 1.7 to 1. The majority of which was people of age over 50. The crude incidence rates were 91.4 for male and 46.7 for female per 100000 population of respective sex. The age-standardised incidence rates were 48.3 for male and 25.6 for female per 100000 standard population.

Trend of incidence

The age-standardised incidence rate for both sexes had a downward trend between 1983 and 2016.

Number of new cases and crude incidence rate of lung cancer by sex,
1983-2000
 (View)

Number of new cases and crude incidence rate of lung cancer by sex,
2001-2016
 (View)

Age-standardised incidence rate* of lung cancer by sex, 1983-2016

Age-standardised incidence rate of lung cancer by sex, 1983-2016

Notes:

*

Age-standardised incidence rates are compiled based on the world standard population specified in GPE Discussion Paper Series: No.31, EIP/GPE/EBD, World Health Organization, 2001.

    Data in the above charts from 1996 onwards are compiled based on the population estimates under the "resident population" approach instead of the "extended de facto" approach.
    Classification of diseases and causes of death is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision from 2001 onwards. Figures from 2001 onwards may not be comparable with figures for previous years which were compiled based on the ICD 9th Revision.

Sources:

 

Census and Statistics Department
Department of Health
Hong Kong Cancer Registry, Hospital Authority

 

Mortality

Lung cancer was the first leading cause of cancer deaths in Hong Kong. In 2017, a total of 3890 people died from this cancer, accounting for 27.1% of all cancer deaths. The crude death rates were 76.5 for male and 32.4 for female per 100000 population of respective sex. The age-standardised death rates of lung cancer were 37.6 for male and 15.5 for female per 100000 standard population.

Trend of mortality

The age-standardised death rate for both sexes had a downward trend between 1981 and 2017.

Number of registered deaths and crude death rate of lung cancer by sex,
1981-2000
 (View)

Number of registered deaths and crude death rate of lung cancer by sex,
2001-2017
 (View)

Age-standardised death rate* of lung cancer by sex, 1981-2017

Age-standardised death rate of lung cancer by sex, 1981-2017

Notes:

*

Age-standardised death rates are compiled based on the world standard population specified in GPE Discussion Paper Series: No.31, EIP/GPE/EBD, World Health Organization, 2001.

 

 

Data in the above charts from 1996 onwards are compiled based on the population estimates under the "resident population" approach instead of the "extended de facto" approach. 

 

 

Classification of diseases and causes of death is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision from 2001 onwards. Figures from 2001 onwards may not be comparable with figures for previous years which were compiled based on the ICD 9th Revision.

Sources:

 

Census and Statistics Department
Department of Health

Lung cancer corresponds to codes 162 in ICD-9 and C33-C34 in ICD-10.


Related information


Information for Health Professionals – Recommendations on Prevention and Screening for Lung Cancer


Cancer Prevention Series 6 – Lung Cancer Prevention and Screening

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