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Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer

30 July 2018

Introduction

Liver cancer was the fifth commonest cancer in Hong Kong and accounted for 5.9% of all new cancer cases in 2015. It was the fourth commonest cancer in men and the tenth commonest cancer in women.

Incidence

There were 1791 new cases of liver cancer in 2015, with 1356 cases of males and 435 cases of females. The male to female ratio was about 3.1 to 1. The crude incidence rates were 40.3 for male and 11.1 for female per 100000 population of respective sex. The age-standardised incidence rates were 22.7 for male and 6.2 for female per 100000 standard population.

Trend of incidence

The age-standardised incidence rate for both sexes had a downward trend between 1983 and 2015.

Number of new cases and crude incidence rate of liver cancer by sex,
1983-2000
 (View)

Number of new cases and crude incidence rate of liver cancer by sex,
2001-2015
 (View)

Age-standardised incidence rate* of liver cancer by sex, 1983-2015

Age-standardised incidence rate of liver cancer by sex, 1983-2015

Notes:

*

Age-standardised incidence rates are compiled based on the world standard population specified in GPE Discussion Paper Series: No.31, EIP/GPE/EBD, World Health Organization, 2001.

 

 

Data in the above charts from 1996 onwards are compiled based on the population estimates under the "resident population" approach instead of the "extended de facto" approach. Also, the 2016 Population By-census conducted from June to August 2016 provides a benchmark for revising the population figures compiled since the 2011 Population Census. Population-related figures from 2012 to 2015 have been revised accordingly.

 

 

Classification of diseases and causes of death is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision from 2001 onwards. Figures from 2001 onwards may not be comparable with figures for previous years which were compiled based on the ICD 9th Revision.

Sources:

 

Census and Statistics Department
Department of Health
Hong Kong Cancer Registry, Hospital Authority

 

Mortality

Liver cancer was the third leading cause of cancer deaths in Hong Kong. In 2016, a total of 1540 people died from this cancer, accounting for 10.8% of all cancer deaths. The crude death rates were 33.6 for male and 10.2 for female per 100000 population of respective sex. The age-standardised death rates of liver cancer were 18.0 for male and 4.9 for female per 100000 standard population.

Trend of mortality

The age-standardised death rate for both sexes had a downward trend between 1981 and 2016.

Number of registered deaths and crude death rate of liver cancer by sex,
1981-2000
 (View)

Number of registered deaths and crude death rate of liver cancer by sex,
2001-2016
 (View)

Age-standardised death rate* of liver cancer by sex, 1981-2016

Age-standardised death rate of liver cancer and intrahepatic bile ducts by sex, 1981-2016

 

Notes:

*

Age-standardised death rates are compiled based on the world standard population specified in GPE Discussion Paper Series: No.31, EIP/GPE/EBD, World Health Organization, 2001.

 

 

Data in the above charts from 1996 onwards are compiled based on the population estimates under the "resident population" approach instead of the "extended de facto" approach. Also, the 2016 Population By-census conducted from June to August 2016 provides a benchmark for revising the population figures compiled since the 2011 Population Census. Population-related figures from 2012 to 2015 have been revised accordingly.

 

 

Classification of diseases and causes of death is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision from 2001 onwards. Figures from 2001 onwards may not be comparable with figures for previous years which were compiled based on the ICD 9th Revision.

Sources:

 

Census and Statistics Department
Department of Health

 

Liver cancer corresponds to codes 155 in ICD-9 and C22 in ICD-10.

 

Related information


Information for Health Professionals –Recommendations on Prevention and Screening for Liver Cancer


Cancer Prevention Series (7) - Liver Cancer Prevention and Screening

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