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Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer

30 July 2018

Introduction

Prostate cancer recorded the largest increase in incidence rate among the common male cancers in Hong Kong during the past two decades. In 2015, prostate cancer was the third most common cancer in men and accounted for 11.9% of all new cancer cases in males.

Incidence

In 2015, 1831 new cases of prostate cancer were diagnosed and the crude incidence rate was 54.4 per 100000 male population. The age-standardised incidence rate was 28.9 per 100000 standard population. 

Number of new cases and crude incidence rate of prostate cancer, 1983-2000 (View)

Number of new cases and crude incidence rate of prostate cancer, 2001-2015 (View)

Mortality

Prostate cancer is the fifth leading cause of male cancer deaths in Hong Kong. In 2016, a total of 410 men died from this cancer, accounting for 4.9% of male cancer deaths. The crude death rate of prostate cancer was 12.1 per 100000 male population. The age-standardised death rate of prostate cancer was 5.5 per 100000 standard population. 

Number of registered deaths and crude death rate of prostate cancer, 1981-2000 (View)

Number of registered deaths and crude death rate of prostate cancer, 2001-2016 (View)

Trends of incidence and mortality

The age-standardised incidence rate of prostate cancer had an upward trend between 1983 and 2015. Also, the age-standardised death rate had an upward trend between 1981 and 2016.

Age-standardised incidence and death rates* of prostate cancer, 1981-2016

Age-standardised incidence and death rates of prostate cancer, 1981-2016

Notes: * Age-standardised rates are compiled based on the world standard population specified in GPE Discussion Paper Series: No.31, EIP/GPE/EBD, World Health Organization, 2001.
    Data in the above charts from 1996 onwards are compiled based on the population estimates under the "resident population" approach instead of the "extended de facto" approach. Also, the 2016 Population By-census conducted from June to August 2016 provides a benchmark for revising the population figures compiled since the 2011 Population Census. Population-related figures from 2012 to 2015 have been revised accordingly.
    Classification of diseases and causes of death is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision from 2001 onwards. Figures from 2001 onwards may not be comparable with figures for previous years which were compiled based on the ICD 9th Revision.
Sources:   Census and Statistics Department
Department of Health
Hong Kong Cancer Registry, Hospital Authority


Prostate cancer corresponds to codes 185 in ICD-9 and C61 in ICD-10.


Related information

Information for Health Professionals – Recommendations on Prevention and Screening for Prostate Cancer

Cancer Prevention Series 5 – Prostate Cancer Prevention and Screening

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