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Proper Use of Antibiotics


Proper Use of Antibiotics


Precaution when taking antibiotics

  • Practise frequent hand hygiene  
  • Eat or drink only thoroughly cooked and boiled items  
  • Disinfect and cover all wounds  
  • Wear a mask if you have respiratory symptoms  
  • Young children with symptoms of infections should minimise contact with other children

Are antibiotics miracle drugs that cure all kinds of inflammation?

  • No. Antibiotics are drugs for treating bacterial infections whereas anti-inflammatory drug is a general term referring to a group of drugs which can reduce inflammation and relieve pain, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin. Their actions are different from those of antibiotics. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, you should consult your doctor. 

Are there any risks in taking antibitoics?

  • Yes. Antibiotics, like any other drugs, may cause side effects and allergic reactions. While antibiotics wipe out the bacteria causing the disease, they also affect the normal bacteria living inside your body and increase the risk of acquiring resistant bacteria which make treatment and control of subsequent infections difficult. Therefore, your doctor will consider your condition and balance the treatment benefits against risks before making a prescription. To protect your health, follow your doctor’s instructions when taking antibiotics. 

What are the side effects of taking antibiotics?

  • Each antibiotic has its own specific side effects. In general, some people may experience side effects such as nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhoea, and headache when they are taking antibiotics. If the side effects persist or worsen, you should consult your doctor. Some people may also develop allergic reactions such as rash, itchiness or breathlessness after taking antibiotics. If this should occur, consult your doctor immediately. If drug allergy is confirmed, you should tell the doctor about your history of drug allergy in your future consultations.
  • Some antibiotics may decrease the efficacy of oral contraceptives, or cause harm to the foetus or infant. Therefore, women should inform their doctors of their contraceptive, pregnancy or breastfeeding status so that appropriate prescriptions could be given.