How can I prevent it?
Practise safer sex behaviour can reduce the risk of infection:
- Have sex with only one partner who is not infected and who is having sex only with you.
- Use condom properly.
Do not share injecting equipment and personal items such as razors and toothbrushes.
Use disposable or sterilized skin piercing equipments and follow standard hygiene precautions during acupuncture or tattooing.
Wear disposable gloves when in contact with blood.
How do I find out if I have HIV/AIDS?
There is a blood test which detects HIV antibodies. A positive test result means that you are infected with HIV, and that you can spread it to others. A negative test means either that a person has not been infected with HIV, or that a person has been infected with HIV but has not yet produced antibodies at the time of testing. It can take up to three months for HIV antibodies to develop after a person has been infected (i.e. the window period).