(Number of Deaths per 100000 Standard Population * )
Classification of diseases and causes of death is based on the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision from 2001 onwards. The disease groups for the purpose of ranking causes of death have also been redefined based on the ICD 10th Revision, and new disease groups have been added. Figures from 2001 onwards may not be comparable with figures for previous years which were compiled based on the ICD 9th Revision. Therefore, figures before 2001 have been put down in a separate table.
As death rates of most diseases are strongly age-dependent, with risk rising with age, direct comparison of crude death rates over time may be very misleading if the underlying age composition of the population being compared has also changed. Hence, age-standardised death rates of leading causes of death, which remove the impact of the change in age composition, are also presented in the following table for intertemporal comparison.
Age-standardised death rates by leading causes of death (based on ICD 10th Revision) : 2001 - 2016
List of ranking is based on the number of deaths in 2016.
|Cause of Death||2001||2002||2003||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||2016|
|1. Malignant neoplasms (ICD10: C00-C97)||133.5||131.2||125.8||124.4||125.2||118.7||116.5||114.2||113.8||111.6||109.7||106.2||104.6||103.3||104.3||
|2. Pneumonia (ICD10: J12-J18)||32.4||32.3||37.6||33.5||37.3||34.4||38.2||40.3||37.1||38.9||39.6||42.0||39.3||41.4||42.0||42.1|
|3. Diseases of heart (ICD10: I00-I09, I11, I13, I20-I51)||52.3||52.5||53.7||56.5||54.2||49.7||53.3||54.2||49.9||49.5||44.7||43.0||38.6||40.8||38.0||37.0|
|4. Cerebrovascular diseases (ICD10: I60-I69)||34.4||33.6||34.8||32.9||31.6||28.9||29.3||29.4||26.5||25.4||23.6||22.5||21.5||21.2||19.8||19.1|
|5. External causes of morbidity and mortality† (ICD10: V01-Y89)||23.5||25.8||25.1||26.5||25.1||22.2||20.4||19.3||20.8||19.8||15.8||16.2||18.7||17.2||18.0||16.2|
|6. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (ICD10: N00-N07, N17-N19, N25-N27)||11.6||11.2||12.1||11.5||11.7||11.6||11.4||11.6||11.4||11.1||10.9||11.1||10.5||10.5||10.0||9.9|
|7. Chronic lower respiratory diseases (ICD10: J40-J47)||22.9||21.4||20.8||20.0||20.5||16.5||16.9||16.4||14.5||15.0||13.6||13.1||11.0||10.7||9.7||9.4|
|8. Dementia (ICD10: F01-F03)||2.6||2.8||2.4||2.4||2.3||2.2||2.2||3.3||4.1||4.6||4.3||4.9||5.1||5.4||5.2||6.0|
|9. Septicaemia (ICD10: A40-A41)||4.7||5.0||5.9||6.1||6.6||6.0||6.4||6.4||6.0||6.4||5.5||5.8||5.7||5.4||5.3||5.5|
|10. Diabetes mellitus (ICD10: E10-E14)||7.6||6.2||8.0||7.0||5.7||4.5||4.3||4.5||3.9||4.0||3.4||2.8||2.5||2.5||3.2||3.1|
|All other causes||55.7||54.3||58.3||56.9||56.1||54.3||55.1||53.6||50.9||51.4||47.8||48.1||46.1||47.6||46.1||42.8|
The mortality figures in this table are based on number of "registered" deaths.
The disease codes according to the classification are shown in brackets.
The 2016 Population By-census conducted from June to August 2016 provides a benchmark for revising the population figures compiled since the 2011 Population Census. Population-related figures from 2012 to 2015 have been revised accordingly.
Figures may not add up to total due to rounding.
* Based on the world standard population specified in GPE Discussion Paper Series: No.31, EIP/GPE/EBD, World Health Organization, 2001.
† According to the ICD 10th Revision, when the morbid condition is classifiable under Chapter XIX as "injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes", the codes under Chapter XX for "external causes of morbidity and mortality" should be used as the primary cause of death.