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18 May 2017
Diet and Nutrition   


A balanced diet contributes to good health. It shall include a variety of foods providing appropriate calorie and nutrients. Members of the public are advised to follow the principles of the Healthy Eating Food Pyramid and include the five basic food groups (i.e. grains; fruit; vegetables, meat along with fish, eggs and legumes; milk and milk products) and be active in decreasing fat, salt and sugar intake.

Imbalanced or poor diet may lead to obesity or specific nutrient deficiency. These in turn may increase the risk of a variety of health problems, such as heart diseases, cerebrovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and some cancers.

Situation in Hong Kong

The Behavioural Risk Factor Survey April 2016 revealed that 79.2% of people aged 18 - 64 consumed less than 5 servings of fruit and/or vegetable per day, with 74.8% for females and 84.2% for males.

Healthy eating

Adequate amounts of fruit and vegetable intake is an essential component of healthy eating. WHO recommends a daily intake of at least 400 grams of fruit and vegetables (about 5 servings of fruit and vegetables) for the prevention of chronic diseases such as heart diseases, hypertension, cerebrovascular diseases, diabetes and certain cancers.

Related information

To learn more about healthy diet and the Food Pyramid, please visit our Health Zone and "Change for Health" website. Recommendations on daily energy consumption and information on composition & nutrients in commonly consumed food could be found at Nutrient Information Inquiry of the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department.

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