Diabetes mellitus can be treated by medication along with lifestyle changes and a range of therapies from experts such as nurses, dietitians, or podiatrists.
The choice of an appropriate treatment is based on the severity of the symptoms, the extent to which they affect the patient's life, and the presence of any other medical conditions.
If the blood sugar level is only slightly raised, it is usually treated by diet and exercise alone, without resorting to medication.
If diet and exercise fail to control the blood glucose level, the doctor will prescribe some oral tablets to lower the blood sugar level. In more serious cases, insulin injection will be used, alone or in combination with oral drugs.