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Men's Health Line - Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Introduction and Causes Symptoms and Effects
Prevention Treatment and Self-help

Introduction and Causes
Symptoms and Effects
Prevention
Treatment and Self-help

What are sexually transmitted diseases?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are ailments spread through direct sexual contact, including penile-vaginal, penile-anal and oral-genital contact.

There are many different STDs. Major STDs include:

What causes it?

Bacteria, viruses or parasites can cause STDs.

Health Alert

STDs are serious diseases that can affect your entire body. Some STDs may also affect your offspring if not properly treated. Therefore, thorough treatment is necessary.



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What are the common symptoms?

Different STDs can present in different ways, but some STDs are symptomless, especially in women. The common symptoms include:

  • Unusual discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Pain or discomfort when passing water
  • Rash, ulcers, blisters or warts in the genital area
  • Genital itchiness or irritation
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How can I prevent it?

You can prevent most STDs if you practise safer sex:

  • Have sex with only one partner who is not infected and who is having sex only with you.
  • Use condom properly.

How do I find out if I have sexually transmitted diseases?

You need to be examined by a doctor. Sexually transmitted diseases can be diagnosed by a swab collected from the genital areas or related sites, blood tests or by urine sample.

The person(s) you have had sex with must also be tested for the disease.

Prevention

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What is the treatment?

Some STDs can be cured with medication, e.g. antibiotics. It is important to take all the prescribed tablets; otherwise infection may not be properly cured. Sexual partners who could have been infected should be treated at the same time. If not, you may be infected again.

For the STDs that are caused by viruses, there are treatments or measures which can greatly decrease discomfort or help in reducing the number of recurrences.

During treatment, you should practise safer sex or refrain from sexual contact in order to stop spreading the disease, and comply with the medication regime if indicated.

To ensure the infection has been cured or controlled, you have to return to your doctor or clinic for a follow-up.

How can I help myself?

STDs are serious diseases that can affect your entire body. Some STDs may also affect your offspring if not properly treated. Do not treat yourself; they may harm you and your sexual partner.

If you have any suspicions, you should seek medical advice.

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Related Articles
  Safer Sex
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Hotline
 

Department of Health (Social Hygiene Service)
Hotline : 2150 7370

Hotlines (recorded message or counseling)
Hong Kong Family Planning Association Service Hotline:
phone:2572 2222

Red Ribbon Centre Phone: 3143 7200
(Dr. SEX Hotline: 2337 2121)

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