About Antimicrobial Resistance
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) happens when microorganisms (e.g. bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites) evolve to become resistant to previously effective medications (i.e. antimicrobials). It is considered one of the greatest threats to global health and economy.
Antibiotics are medications used for treating bacterial infection. When antibiotics wipe out disease-causing bacteria in our body, normal bacteria are also killed, thereby increasing the opportunity for resistant bacteria to grow and multiply. These resistant bacteria are sometimes referred to as ‘superbugs’. Some superbugs are capable of resisting more than one antibiotic and such infections are difficult to treat. Although there may be alternative antibiotics available, they may be less effective or cause more side effects. Moreover, the development of new medicines is too far behind to keep pace with AMR evolution. If the problem of AMR does not improve, there would be fewer effective treatment options.
To combat the issue, actions taken by the healthcare sector alone are not enough and concerted efforts from the general public are crucial.
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