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The World Health Organization (WHO) and WHO Regional Office for Western Pacific issued the ‘Global Action Plan on AMR’ and the ‘Action Agenda for AMR in Western Pacific Region’ respectively in 2015. Both documents emphasized the importance of adopting the One Health framework in formulating and implementing strategies to combat AMR.
The One Health concept stresses that the rising threat of AMR should be addressed by a comprehensive framework adopting a mutli-sectoral and whole-of-society approach. It calls for collaborative actions to be taken by different sectors, including human and veterinary medicine, agriculture, food, environment, pharmaceutical industry and consumers.
In view of the threat of AMR to global public health, the Government announced in the 2016 Policy Address to set up a High Level Steering Committee on AMR (HLSC) to formulate strategies and implement actions. Chaired by the Secretary for Food and Health, HLSC comprises representatives from relevant Government departments, public and private hospitals, healthcare organisations, academia and relevant professional bodies. Under a One Health framework, the HLSC has considered the recommendations proposed by the Expert Committee on AMR and has taken human health, animal health and environment fronts into consideration in formulating the holistic Hong Kong Strategy and Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (2017-2022) (Action Plan), which proposed recommendations in six key areas as follows:
In 2020, a midterm review on the implementation of the Action Plan during the period from July 2017 to December 2019 was conducted. The review reflected good progress has been made when compared with the baseline situation of 2016, with activities being carried out according to the timeline pledged in the Action Plan. For details, please refer to the midterm review report endorsed by the HLSC in May 2021.